- 1997Ph.D. in Linguistics, Stanford
- 1993M.A. in Linguistics, Stanford
- 1987B.SC. in Biology, Stanford
“Second Generation West Indian Americans and English in New York City,” with Cara Shousterman, English Today 26(3) (2010): 35-43.
“Diachrony and AAE: St. Louis, Hip-Hop and Sound Change Outside of the Mainstream,” with Cara Shousterman, Journal of English Linguistics 38(3) (2010): 230-247.
“Defining the Envelope of Linguistic Variation: The Case of “Don’t Count” forms in the Copula Analysis of African American Vernacular English.”Language Variation and Change 9(1) (1997): 57-80.
“Barbadian Creole English: Insights into Class and Race Identity,” Journal of Commonwealth and Postcolonial Studies (1996);
“Rappin’ on the Copula Coffin: Theoretical and Methodological Issues in the Analysis of Copula Variation in African American Vernacular English,” with J. Rickford, A. Ball, R. Jackson, and N. Martin, Language Variation and Change 3 (1991): 103-32;
“Contraction and Deletion of the Copula in Barbadian English,” with John Rickford, Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society 16 (1990): 257-68.